What are the different types of sunscreen creams? ??

Characteristics of Sunscreen in Protecting Skin from UV Rays

  • CHEMICAL SUNSCREENS – This type of sunscreen protects from UV rays by absorbing the rays, then releasing the energy in the form of heat, rather than reflecting the light. These chemicals coat the skin and absorb the UV radiation, preventing the UV rays from penetrating deeply and damaging the skin. However, after application you cannot immediately go out in the sun – you need to wait at least 15-20 minutes before going outdoors for the sunscreen to be effective. During this time, the chemicals penetrate the skin and enable protection by absorbing the UV rays rather than allowing the rays to pass through the skin.

The advantages are that this type of chemical sunscreen is easier to apply than physical sunscreens and does not leave a white residue. It can protect well against UV radiation because it is able to absorb all of the rays. However, there is a possibility it may cause skin irritation or allergies, since some ingredients can be absorbed through the skin layers.

  • PHYSICAL SUNSCREENS, also known as Mineral Sunscreens or Inorganic Sunscreens since they do not contain carbon ingredients, protect from UV radiation by reflecting the rays. These ingredients coat the skin and then reflect or scatter the UV radiation, acting as a shield for the skin. Typically, the texture of physical sunscreens is thicker than chemical sunscreens and they can be slightly harder to apply. Sometimes they leave a white cast on the skin. But physical sunscreens are a good option for people with sensitive skin that is prone to allergies. 

The advantages are that the way these physical sunscreens work is like a protective shield that reflects away UV radiation from the skin. Therefore, they do not clog pores or suffocate the skin. They are gentle for sensitive skin, not absorbed into the body, and eco-friendly – safe for coral reefs and marine ecosystems.

  • HYBRID SUNSCREENS – Nowadays, hybrid sunscreens are becoming more popular because they provide dual action protection. They shield skin from sunlight without clogging pores, have a lightweight texture that is easy to apply, and are suitable for sensitive skin. Only a small amount is needed to provide full protection.

Sunscreen comes in more than just cream form!!!

There are many types of sunscreen products on the market, each suited for different skin types. They can be categorized by texture:

  • Gel sunscreens have a lightweight, watery texture that feels refreshing when applied but does not leave skin feeling greasy or clogged. Best for oily, acne-prone skin as they help control oil and shine.
  • Cream sunscreens tend to be thicker, more emollient formulas often with high SPF. Great for dry skin in need of heavy-duty protection. Too rich for oily skin which could clog pores and cause breakouts.
  • Milk sunscreens have a liquid, milky consistency. Absorb quickly without greasiness, so suitable for both dry and oily skin. Moisturize while controlling shine.
  • Sunscreen sprays are lightweight aerosol formulas that allow easy application without rubbing in. Convenient for reapplication. Made for both face and body but face sprays could cause irritation.
  • Sunscreen sticks resemble deodorant or lip balm, just swipe and apply. Another portable format for touching up protection throughout the day. Can apply over makeup.